What to Look For
Early detection of pediatric ophthalmic conditions can increase the chances of saving your child's sight.
How to Spot Eye Trouble in Your Child
Children’s eyes are their windows to the world. But eye problems can distort this view. They can make images look blurry and unclear. Left untreated, they may affect a child’s learning ability and confidence.
Most pediatric ophthalmologists advise that children get their eyes checked at the first sign of any problem. Also, children should have eye exams at the following ages:
- 6 months to 1 year
- 2 1/2 to 3 1/2 years
- 5 years
If your child already has a vision problem, his or her eyes may need more frequent screenings. Talk with your child’s doctor about what schedule is best.
Early detection of eye problems can protect your child’s sight. Regular vision tests can help uncover many eye conditions, but it’s also important to tell your child’s doctor about any signs of trouble.
These signs could include:
- Crooked or crossed eyes
- Drooping eyelids
- Squinting or eye rubbing
- Holding objects close to his or her eyes
- Complaints of headaches, dizziness or nausea after doing something up close, such as reading
If a problem is suspected, your child’s doctor will probably use an eye test to determine the cause. Many times, refractive problems are to blame. These can make a child’s vision blurry. The following are examples of two common refractive problems:
- Nearsightedness: difficulty seeing far-away objects
- Farsightedness: problems seeing items close up
Untreated, refractive problems may lead to a serious eye condition called amblyopia, or lazy eye. Amblyopia can result in blindness.
Eyewear Makes a Difference
Many common vision problems can be corrected with prescription glasses or contacts. Contacts require extra care and handling. They may be better suited for older children. Glasses, however, can be worn at any age.
The Robert Cizik Eye Clinic
Memorial Hermann Medical Plaza
6400 Fannin Street, 18th Floor
Houston, TX 77030
Phone: (713) 559-5200
Office Hours: 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday.
A physician is on call 24/7.
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Visit our website »This information, although based on a thorough knowledge and careful review of current medical literature, is the opinion of doctors at McGovern Medical School at UTHealth and is presented to inform you about ophthalmic conditions. It is not meant to contradict any information you may receive from your personal physician and should not be used to make decisions about treatment. If you have any questions about the information above or your child's care, please contact our doctors.